There are 3 classes of nodes in a working ZeroTier system: The roots, a controller, and your devices.
Your devices need to be able to communicate directly with each other.
The difficulty for strict firewall configurations is: the my.zerotier.com controllers and your devices are on dynamic IP addresses and are listening on random UDP ports.
Default zerotier-one listening ports are:
Therefore, a device needs be able to send to any address, on any UDP port to directly connect with other devices.